Monopoly: Rule at Capitalism with Strategies & Winning Instructions


Monopoly is a classic board game that has been a part of countless family game nights and friendly gatherings. As a board game enthusiast, I’ve spent countless hours playing Monopoly and exploring its strategies, especially around holiday time when the pop-culture-themed Monopoly box games come out to play. The game is a blend of luck, strategy, and negotiation, where players buy, trade, and develop properties to accumulate wealth. The ultimate goal is to drive your opponents into bankruptcy.

Monopoly was first published by Parker Brothers in 1935, although its roots trace back to 1903 when Elizabeth Magie created a game to explain the single tax theory of Henry George. The game has since evolved into various editions, but the core mechanics remain the same.

To play Monopoly, you’ll need a game board, two dice, play money, 32 houses, 12 hotels, and property cards. Each player also has a token that moves around the board. Now, let’s dive into the world of Monopoly!

One Easy Protip to Win At Monopoly

Always keep some cash on hand! While it’s tempting to invest all your money in properties and developments, it’s crucial to have some cash reserves for rent and other unexpected expenses. This tip can often be the difference between winning and losing in Monopoly.

Rules for playing Monopoly

Monopoly rules can seem complex at first, but they’re straightforward once you get the hang of them. Here’s a simplified version of the official rules:

  1. Each player rolls the dice. The highest roller starts the game.
  2. Players move their tokens around the board according to their dice roll.
  3. If a player lands on an unowned property, they can buy it. If they choose not to, the property is auctioned.
  4. If a player lands on an owned property, they must pay rent to the owner.
  5. Players can develop their properties with houses and hotels to increase rent.
  6. If a player cannot pay their debts, they are declared bankrupt and out of the game.
  7. The game continues until only one player remains.

These are the basic rules, but many people play with ‘house rules’ that add variations to the game. For example, some players put all taxes and fees into the middle of the board, and whoever lands on ‘Free Parking’ collects this money.

Lesser known rules in Monopoly

While many are familiar with the basic rules of Monopoly, such as moving around the board and buying properties, there are several lesser-known rules that often go overlooked. For instance, many players aren’t aware that if you land on a property and choose not to buy it, the property goes up for auction amongst the other players. Another less known rule is that the money collected from taxes, fines, and penalties should go to the bank rather than being collected in the center of the board to be won by whoever lands on the ‘Free Parking’ space. Moreover, if players run out of houses or hotels to place, no player is allowed to buy more until the others are sold or returned to the bank, creating a potential strategic play. Thus, these lesser-known rules can significantly alter the gameplay and strategy of Monopoly.

How do you play Monopoly

Playing Monopoly involves three main phases: Setup, Gameplay, and End of the Game.


  1. Each player chooses a token and places it on ‘GO’.
  2. Players receive $1500 divided as follows: two $500s, four $100s, one $50, one $20, two $10s, one $5, and five $1s.
  3. The Banker is chosen who will manage the bank’s money, properties, houses, and hotels.


  1. Players take turns rolling the dice and moving their tokens.
  2. Players can buy unowned properties they land on. If they don’t, the Banker auctions the property to the highest bidder.
  3. Players pay rent when they land on properties owned by others.
  4. Players can develop their properties once they own all properties of the same color.
  5. Players can trade properties with others at any point in the game.

End of the Game

The game ends when all but one player has gone bankrupt. The last player standing is the winner.

How to Win at Monopoly

Winning at Monopoly requires a blend of strategy, negotiation skills, and a bit of luck. Here are some strategies that can help you win:

  1. Buy properties strategically: Aim to acquire complete color groups for building houses and hotels. The orange and red groups are particularly valuable due to their high landing frequency.
  2. Develop properties wisely: Building houses and hotels increases the rent you can collect. However, don’t overextend yourself. Always keep some cash on hand for unexpected expenses.
  3. Negotiate smartly: Trading can be a powerful tool. Use it to complete your color groups or to prevent others from completing theirs.
  4. Manage your cash: It’s crucial to have a cash reserve. If you run out of cash, you might be forced to sell properties at a loss or even declare bankruptcy.

Best Strategies for playing Monopoly game

While there’s no surefire way to win at Monopoly, some strategies can increase your chances of victory. Here are some of the best strategies:

  1. Focus on Railroads and Utilities: These properties can provide a steady income without the need for development.
  2. Don’t ignore the cheaper properties: They can be a good source of income early in the game and can be traded later for more valuable properties.
  3. Use ‘house rules’ to your advantage: If you’re playing with ‘house rules’, understand them and use them to your benefit.
  4. Stay in Jail later in the game: In the later stages of the game, staying in jail can be a good strategy. It allows you to collect rent without risking landing on other players’ developed properties.

Strategy for buying property in Monopoly for best return on investment

Investing in properties in Monopoly requires strategic planning to ensure the best return on investment (ROI). Firstly, focus on buying railroads and utilities as they provide steady income and are less expensive compared to other properties.

Opting for the orange or red properties can be a wise choice as they have a high landing frequency due to their proximity to the jail. Lastly, avoid investing in the most expensive properties such as Boardwalk and Park Place. While they offer high rent, they are landed on less frequently and the cost of investment is high, reducing the overall ROI.

Scenarios for Monopoly

Monopoly games can have a wide range of scenarios. Here are some common ones and how to handle them:

  1. You’re running low on cash: If you’re running low on cash, consider selling houses or mortgaging properties. You can also try to negotiate a trade for cash.
  2. You’re in jail: Early in the game, pay the $50 or use a ‘Get Out of Jail Free’ card to get out of jail. Later in the game, it might be beneficial to stay in jail to avoid landing on other players’ properties.
  3. You have a monopoly: If you have a monopoly (own all properties of the same color), start building houses and hotels to increase your rent.
  4. You’re about to go bankrupt: If you’re about to go bankrupt, try to negotiate a trade to stay in the game. If that’s not possible, you’re out of the game.

Frequently Asked Questions about playing Monopoly game

Here are some common questions and answers about playing Monopoly:

– Question: How long does a game of Monopoly usually last? Answer: On average, a game of Monopoly lasts about 1 to 3 hours.

-Question: How many players can play Monopoly at once? Answer: Monopoly can be played with 2 to 8 players.

– Question: How much money does each player start with in Monopoly? Answer: Each player starts with $1500 in Monopoly money.

– Question: Can you buy properties on your first round of the board? Answer: Yes, players can start buying properties as soon as they land on them.

– Question: What happens when you land on Free Parking in Monopoly?
Answer: According to the official rules, nothing happens when a player lands on Free Parking. However, some players add a house rule where any taxes and fees are placed in the middle of the board and collected by the next player who lands on Free Parking.

– Question: Can I go into debt to the bank in Monopoly?
Answer: No, if a player cannot afford to pay rent, taxes, or fees, they must sell houses, mortgage properties, or even declare bankruptcy.

– Question: Can you trade properties with other players in Monopoly?
Answer: Yes, trading properties is a common strategy in Monopoly. The terms of the trade are negotiated between the players involved.

– Question: What happens when you mortgage a property in Monopoly?
Answer: When you mortgage a property, you get half of the purchase price from the bank but you can’t collect rent on it until you unmortgage it.

– Question: What happens if you land on Go in Monopoly?
Answer: If a player lands directly on Go, they collect $200, the same amount they would get for passing Go.

– Question: How do you win at Monopoly?
Answer: The main objective of Monopoly is to remain financially solvent while forcing opponents into bankruptcy. The last player left in the game wins.