A Guide to Craps aka Seven-Eleven – Rules, Instructions and How to Win Strategy


Craps, also known as Seven-Eleven is a game I’ve played a lot, and it’s a blast. It’s a dice game where players bet on the outcomes of the roll of a pair of dice. It’s got a rich history, going back to the Crusades and was brought over to New Orleans by a guy named Bernard Xavier Philippe de Marigny de Mandeville (a mouthful of a name, to be sure). The name “Craps” comes from the French word “crapaud,” which means “toad,” probably because folks would crouch over a floor or sidewalk to play it before it hit the casinos.

The game is super social and has a bunch of different bets, which can seem complicated at first. But once you get the hang of it, I think you’ll agree that it’s really fun. You’ve got one player rolling the dice, called the “shooter,” and other players around the table making bets on the outcome. There’s a lot of cheering and commotion, which makes it a standout game in any casino.

Chuck a Luck is a similar dice-based betting game (usually played at fairs rather than casinos) that I’ve also written a guide on.

Quick Tip for Craps

Always start with simple bets like the Pass Line or Don’t Pass Line to get a feel for the game before diving into more complex wagers.

Rules for playing Craps

Understanding the rules of Craps / Seven-Eleven is key to enjoying the game. The basic idea is to bet on the outcome of the roll of the dice. The person rolling is the shooter, and the first roll they make is called the “come-out roll.” If they roll a 7 or 11, Pass Line bets win. If they roll a 2, 3, or 12, it’s “craps,” and Don’t Pass Line bets win. Any other number becomes the “point,” and the shooter keeps rolling until they hit that point again for Pass Line bets to win, or they roll a 7, which means Don’t Pass Line bets win.

There are lots of other bets, too, like Come and Don’t Come bets, which work like Pass and Don’t Pass but can be made any time after the point is established. Then there are single-roll bets, like betting on the next roll being a certain number. And there are multi-roll bets, like Hardways, where you bet that the shooter will roll a pair of the same number before rolling a 7 or that number in a non-pair combination.

List of Bets in Craps with Rules, and payouts

Bet TypeDescriptionRulesPayout
Pass LineBetting on the shooter to winShooter rolls a 7 or 11 on the come-out roll1:1
Shooter rolls a 2, 3, or 12 on the come-out roll (Craps)Loss
If the point is established, shooter must roll the point
before rolling a 7 for a win
Don’t Pass LineBetting against the shooterOpposite of Pass Line bet1:1
ComeSimilar to Pass Line but placed after the point is establishedShooter rolls a 7 or 11 after the come-out roll1:1
Shooter rolls a 2, 3, or 12 after the come-out rollLoss
Don’t ComeSimilar to Don’t Pass Line but placed after the point is establishedOpposite of Come bet1:1
Shooter rolls a 7 or 11 after the come-out rollLoss
FieldBetting on specific numbers (2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, or 12)Shooter rolls a 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, or 121:1 for 3, 4, 9, 10, 11
Shooter rolls a 5, 6, 7, or 82:1 for 2 or 12
Big 6/Big 8Betting that 6 or 8 will be rolled before a 7Shooter rolls a 6 or 8 before rolling a 71:1
Shooter rolls a 7 before rolling a 6 or 8Loss
Place BetsBetting on specific numbers (4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10)Shooter rolls the chosen number before rolling a 7Varies based on number
Buy BetsSimilar to Place Bets but with better payouts and a 5% commissionShooter rolls the chosen number before rolling a 7Payout varies based on the number
Lay BetsBetting against specific numbers (4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10)Shooter rolls a 7 before the chosen numberPayout varies based on the number
Any SevenBetting that a 7 will be rolledShooter rolls a 74:1
Any CrapsBetting that a 2, 3, or 12 will be rolledShooter rolls a 2, 3, or 127:1
HardwaysBetting that a specific pair of numbers will be rolled as doubles (2+2, 3+3, 4+4, or 5+5)Shooter rolls the chosen pair (doubles) before rolling a 7Payout varies based on the specific numbers
Proposition BetsBetting on various outcomes within a single rollVarious rules apply depending on the specific proposition betPayout varies based on the specific bet
Common bets in a game of Craps with Rules and Payouts

Equipment and Setup for Craps / Seven-Eleven

To play Craps / Seven-Eleven, you need a special table that has all the different bets marked on it, and two dice. Players stand around the table, with the shooter rolling the dice across the table.

The dice have to hit the opposite wall of the table to count.

How to Play Craps / Seven-Eleven

Playing Craps / Seven-Eleven involves a few key steps:

  1. Setup: Players put their chips on the bet they want to make.
  2. Gameplay: The shooter rolls the dice, and the outcome determines if bets win or lose or if the game continues.
  3. End of the Game: The game ends when the shooter rolls a 7 after the point is established, and a new shooter takes over.

How to Win at Craps / Seven-Eleven

Winning at Craps / Seven-Eleven is about understanding which bets have the best odds. The Pass Line and Don’t Pass Line bets have some of the best odds in the casino. Betting on the Come and Don’t Come gives similar odds after the point is established. Avoid the more exotic bets like Hardways or any single-roll bets unless you’re just looking for fun, because they have worse odds.

Best Strategies for playing Craps / Seven-Eleven game

The best strategies for Craps / Seven-Eleven involve sticking to the bets with the lowest house edge. The Pass Line and Come bets, with odds bets behind them, are some of the best bets in the casino.

The Don’t Pass and Don’t Come bets are also good, but they’re not as popular because you’re betting against the shooter.

Below is a list of each bet and it’s likelihood of happening / paying out for you:

Bet TypeOdds / Likelihood
Pass LineApproximately 49.29% chance
Don’t Pass LineApproximately 49.29% chance
ComeApproximately 49.29% chance
Don’t ComeApproximately 49.29% chance
Field16.67% chance for 3, 4, 9, 10, 11
2.78% chance for 2 or 12
69.44% chance for 5, 6, 7, or 8
Big 6/Big 8Approximately 9.09% chance
Place BetsVaries depending on number placed
Buy BetsVaries depending on number bought
Lay BetsVaries depending on number laid
Any SevenApproximately 16.67% chance
Any CrapsApproximately 11.11% chance
HardwaysVaries depending on the specific hardway bet
Proposition BetsVaries depending on the specific proposition bet
Probabilities of each bet coming off in a game of Craps


There are a bunch of variations of Craps / Seven-Eleven, like “Crapless Craps” where you can’t lose on the come-out roll, or “High Point Craps” where a come-out roll of 2 or 3 is ignored until a different total is rolled.


Good scenarios in Craps / Seven-Eleven are when you’re the shooter and you roll a point number and then hit it again before rolling a 7. Bad scenarios are when you roll a 7 right after establishing a point. To turn these scenarios to your advantage, manage your bets and don’t chase losses with high-risk bets.

Frequently Asked Questions about playing Craps / Seven-Eleven game

Q: What’s the best bet in Craps / Seven-Eleven?

A: The Pass Line bet with odds behind it is one of the best bets you can make.

Q: Can I play Craps / Seven-Eleven online?

A: Yes, many online casinos offer Craps / Seven-Eleven games.

Q: Is Craps / Seven-Eleven a game of skill or luck?

A: It’s mostly luck since it’s based on dice rolls, but knowing which bets to make can involve skill.

Additional Subtopics

Other things to know about Craps include understanding table etiquette, like handling the dice with one hand and not taking too long to shoot. Also, it’s good to know the lingo, like “snake eyes” for rolling two ones, or “yo” for an eleven.

For more information on Craps / Seven-Eleven, check out the official rules from a casino or visit educational gambling sites for detailed guides and strategies.

Chandler and Monica playing Craps in Friends [Video]

Places to play Craps in Vegas

A real-life game of Craps in a Casino [Video]